Prostate cancer is caused by the abnormal transformation and proliferation of prostate cells. The prostate is a gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum and is part of the male urogenital system. The main function of the prostate is to contribute to the production of seminal fluid.
Treatment for prostate cancer may vary depending on the individual characteristics of the affected person such as age, the type and extent of the tumour, and any other chronic diseases they may have. The different treatments include monitoring, surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy treatments, targeted focal cryotherapy treatment (destruction of cancer cells with very cold temperatures), hormonal treatment and other specific treatments. Most treatments can cause side effects that can affect nutrition to varying degrees and intensities.
The dietary priority during prostate cancer treatment is to ensure an adequate nutritional status that helps to reduce side effects and complications. To this end, patients should follow the “General recommendations on nutrition during cancer treatment” and adapt the guidelines according to the side effects and symptoms that they may have, based on the dietary-culinary recommendations.
When treatment is hormonal, metabolic imbalances may appear, so patients may have to adjust the general recommendations to possible changes such as weight gain, diabetes, change in lipid profile, bone decalcification (osteoporosis), or loss of muscle mass. Therefore, patients should: