Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is defined as an increase in blood pressure when values go over 140/90 mmHg. It is one of the symptoms that can appear due to hormonal therapies used in the treatment of prostate cancer. To monitor hypertension, reduce as much as possible, and even avoid, the consumption of sodium, and therefore salt (sodium chloride) and follow a heart-healthy diet.
Limit the consumption of processed foods, and ready meals, and always prioritise fresh produce, as most of the sodium we consume comes from the salt added to processed foods.
|Recommended and not recommended foods for hypertension|
Cook without salt and avoid putting the salt shaker on the table. It will take some getting used to at first, but the palate will adapt. To do this:
Avoid vegetable salts mixed with common salt or sodium (Na), substitute salts (potassium chloride salt), monosodium glutamate or stock cubes (vegetable or meat).
Although the recommendation is to prioritise fresh and minimally processed foods, if processed foods are consumed, it is important to know the amount of salt they contain by looking at their nutritional label.
According to Regulation (EC) 1924/2006 on nutritional claims on food labelling, a product can be considered low in salt if it contains less than 0.3 g of salt per 100 g or 100 ml (or 0.12 g of sodium per 100 g or 100 ml).
Hyperlipaemia is a symptom that often occurs together with hyperlipidaemia and hyperglycaemia. This phenomenon is called metabolic syndrome and different aspects should be considered to ensure adequate nutrition.